It is not a secret that, at current levels of consumption, the natural oil reserves will be depleted within the next 45 to 50 years. This limited resource is becoming more and more expensive.
In the Northern regions, long winters mean long heating periods. Combining that with the fact that about two thirds of the energy spent on heating residential and commercial properties is wasted due to poor heat retention, the result is especially high energy costs for residents of these colder territories.
The only answer to high costs and eventual depletion of oil is increased and agressive use of renewable sources of energy, like the wind, the sun, moving water, and the heat of the earth core.
Currently, several systems exist that seek to harness these renewable sources of energy. However, most are used as supplements, working complimentary to the traditional sources. Alternatively, other systems are stand-alone and are very complex, which makes them economically unfeasible to market to consumers.
1 - solar collector; 2 - heat pump; 3 - heat accumulator; 4 -
heat insulation; 5
- APCS+inverter; 6 - accumulator battery;
In the figure above, a unique system of energy supply, autonomous in nature, is presented. The system's independence allows for great leeway when choosing a construction site - a building will not need to be on an electrical grid and fuel delivery to the location will not be necessary. The pictured system has been designed and developed based on meteorological data, collected over many years. It's guaranteed to provide year-round comfortable temperature and deliver permanent supply of electricity, enough to power an average household, even with power-hungry appliances like an electrical stove.
The wind turbine is the main source of electricity, and the heat pump, together with the solar panels and the heat accumulator, are the main source of heating. All part are overseen and all operations are carried out by the intelligent control agent - the main and most vital part of the system.
Usability tests for an average residential building with a 35kWt power supply have shown that installation of the system would pay for itself within the first three years. This means that after the three-year period, the owner of the building will not have to pay for electricity and heat ever again.
Not only does the owner gain economic
freedom from paying ever-increasing energy bills, but he also obtains the
luxury of beingable to choose the construction site - the autonomous system removes the
restriction of having to build close to a power source.
REACT is absolutely autonomous power supply system. It allows
living and industrial premises construction almost at any place
disregarding the availability fuel or power grid availability.
The efficiency of power supply by means of renewable energy
sources makes sense to compare with the efficiency of diesel
generators or furnace because they are not connected to the grid
or pipelines. Otherwise we have to take in consideration the
cost of laying. The total amount of energy produced by REACT at
the Northern Europe climate conditions equals to the volume of
energy produced by combustion of 35,5 metric tons of diesel fuel.
One REACT set can provide heat and electricity to 1000sq.meters
of modern living space, that corresponds for example to five
At present, many systems use alternative energy sources, but as a rule, they are either single units intended to supplement conventional power supply systems or systems so complex in implementation that they become economically nonviable.
Among potential competitors specializing in the manufacturing of independent power supply systems in the U.S.A., only Northern Power Incorporated. (Vermont) (www.northernpower.com) has created a system in the same league as REACT(Renewable Energy Adaptable Climate Technology). This company’s rapid development indicates that the demand for a power supply system suitable for remote regions is rising continuously. But the designs by the Northern Power Inc. are based on hybrid circuits of wind generators and solar batteries meant to save fuel for a diesel generator, the main component of all their designs. REACT differs fundamentally from all systems known because it relies solely on renewable energy sources, which is certain to help the system be a business success.
In Europe, development of independent systems is still at the design level.
The only design known at present is the Concept House, by the largest Swedish construction corporation NCC (www.ncc.se). The estimated cost of a building constructed according to the NCC design, equipped with an independent power supply system is SEK 75 mln, which is too much in the company's own opinion.
REACT is optimal for power supply of homesteads because of the high expenses related to connecting gas and electric mains to individual buildings. By the highest standards, even for sites located near electric mains, only REACT can ensure uninterrupted power supply free from the effects of failures and damages at substations, which happen more and more often.
The urgency level of a design can be estimated by its level of state support. Alternative power engineering is supported in all developed countries, especially where there are no hydrocarbon deposits. This means tax remissions, grants, and bonuses for green energy kilowatts produced. At present, REACT has priority in all countries that participate in PCT, which is confirmed by the Geneva patent office.
Australia has developed a state program, Remote Areas Power Systems (RAPS). Infinite Power Incorporated will take active part in this program once REACT receives its Australian patent.
for power lines or gas pipelines are ultimately suitable for
implementation of REACT. The extreme inconvenience and cost
of importing diesel oil or coal explains why only 65 of a
total 6500 islands of the Aland archipelago in the Gulf of
Bothnia between Finland and Sweden are inhabited.